The Blockade of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 14 Activation by Marine Natural Product Crassolide Triggers ICD in Tumor Cells and Stimulates Anti-Tumor Immunity

Keng Chang Tsai, Chia Sheng Chen, Jui Hsin Su, Yu Ching Lee, Yu Hwei Tseng, Wen Chi Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Immunogenic cell death (ICD) refers to a type of cell death that stimulates immune responses. It is characterized by the surface exposure of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), which can facilitate the uptake of antigens by dendritic cells (DCs) and stimulate DC activation, resulting in T cell immunity. The activation of immune responses through ICD has been proposed as a promising approach for cancer immunotherapy. The marine natural product crassolide, a cembranolide isolated from the Formosan soft coral Lobophytum michaelae, has been shown to have cytotoxic effects on cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of crassolide on the induction of ICD, the expression of immune checkpoint molecules and cell adhesion molecules, as well as tumor growth in a murine 4T1 mammary carcinoma model. Immunofluorescence staining for DAMP ectolocalization, Western blotting for protein expression and Z′-LYTE kinase assay for kinase activity were performed. The results showed that crassolide significantly increased ICD and slightly decreased the expression level of CD24 on the surface of murine mammary carcinoma cells. An orthotopic tumor engraftment of 4T1 carcinoma cells indicated that crassolide-treated tumor cell lysates stimulate anti-tumor immunity against tumor growth. Crassolide was also found to be a blocker of mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 activation. This study highlights the immunotherapeutic effects of crassolide on the activation of anticancer immune responses and suggests the potential clinical use of crassolide as a novel treatment for breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number225
JournalMarine Drugs
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • crassolide
  • damage-associated molecular patterns
  • immunogenic cell death
  • mitogen-activated protein kinase 14
  • natural product

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)

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