The adverse impact of incense smoke on human health: From mechanisms to implications

Chiang Wen Lee, Thi Thuy Tien Vo, Yinshen Wee, Yao Chang Chiang, Miao Ching Chi, Min Li Chen, Lee Fen Hsu, Mei Ling Fang, Kuan Han Lee, Su Er Guo, Hsin Chung Cheng, I. Ta Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Incense burning is a very popular activity in daily life among many parts all over the world. A growing body of both epidemiological and experimental evidences has reported the negative effects of incense use on human well-being, posing a potential threat at public significance. This work is a comprehensive review that covers the latest findings regarding the adverse impact of incense smoke on our health, providing a panoramic visualization ranging from mechanisms to implications. The toxicities of incense smoke come directly from its harmful constituents and deposition capacity in the body. Besides, reactive oxygen species-driven oxidative stress and associated inflammation seem to be plausible underlying mechan-isms, eliciting various unfavorable responses. Although our current knowledge remains many gaps, this issue still has some important implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5451-5472
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Inflammation Research
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Cancer
  • Incense burning
  • Inflammation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Toxicants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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