The addition of water-soluble polymers such as polyethylene oxide (PEO) or polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) into the synthetic mixture of the CnTMAX-HNO3-TEOS-H2O system (n = 16 or 18; X = Br or Cl) under shear flow is found to promote uniformity and elongation of rope-like mesoporous silica. The millimeter-scaled mesoporous silica ropes are found to possess a three-level hierarchical structure. The addition of water-soluble polymer does not affect the physical properties of the silica ropes. Moreover, further hydrothermal treatment of the acid-made material under basic ammonia conditions effectively promotes reconstruction of the silica nanochannels while maintaining the rope-like morphology. As a result, a notable enhancement in both thermal and hydrothermal stability is found.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry