Synthesis and structure-activity correlations of the cytotoxic bifunctional 1,4-diamidoanthraquinone derivatives

Hsu Shan Huang, Hui Fen Chiu, An Long Lee, Ching Long Guo, Chun Lung Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Anthraquinone-based compounds are attractive target for the design of new anticancer drugs. We have previously described a series of 1,5- and 1,4-difunctionalized anthraquinones, which exhibit different spectra of potency, together with human telomerase evaluation. The present study details the preparation of further, distinct series of regioisomeric difunctionalized amidoanthraquinone and examines their in vitro cytotoxicity in C6, Hepa G2, and 2.2.15 cell lines. Two structurally related compounds, mitoxantrone and adriamycin, were tested in parallel as positive controls. The structure-activity relationships indicated amido substitution may lead to a different mechanism of cytotoxicity. Compounds, which have -(CH 2) n- side chains terminating in basic groups such as aminoalkyl-substituted, showed cytotoxic activity in several cell lines. The exact mode of intercalative binding may be dictated by the positional placement of substituent side chains. Implications for amidoanthraquinone cytotoxicity as potential anticancer agents are discussed. In addition, we further delineate the nature of the pharmacophore for this class of compounds, which provides a rational basis for the structure-activity relationships.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6163-6170
Number of pages8
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Amidoanthraquinone
  • Anthraquinone
  • Cytotoxic
  • Mitoxantrone
  • Regioisomeric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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