Surface nanoporosity of β-type Ti-25Nb-25Zr alloy for the enhancement of protein adsorption and cell response

Her Hsiung Huang, Chia Ping Wu, Ying Sui Sun, Wei En Yang, Mau Chin Lin, Tzu Hsin Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


This paper outlines a simple method for the electrochemical anodization of β-type Ti-25Nb-25Zr (Ti25Nb25Zr) alloy with a low elastic modulus (approximately 70. GPa) to alter its surface topography for bone implant applications. Surface characteristics including topography, roughness, hydrophilicity, and protein adsorption (fibronectin and albumin) were investigated. Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell responses, including adhesion, migration, proliferation, and mineralization, were also evaluated. The experimental results demonstrate that the electrochemical anodization process produced a nanoporous surface (pore size <. 15. nm) on Ti25Nb25Zr alloy. This surface nanotopography did not alter the surface roughness or hydrophilicity of the Ti25Nb25Zr alloy but was capable of enhancing biological responses, including protein adsorption, cell adhesion, cell migration, cell proliferation, and cell mineralization. The created surface nanoporosity on β-type Ti25Nb25Zr alloy has a high potential for bone implant applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-212
Number of pages7
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue numberPB
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014


  • Cell response
  • Electrochemical anodization
  • Protein adsorption
  • Surface nanoporosity
  • Ti-25Nb-25Zr alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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