Surface assembly of poly(I:C) on polyethyleneimine-modified gelatin nanoparticles as immunostimulatory carriers for mucosal antigen delivery

Shen Fu Lin, Ping Lun Jiang, Jeng Shiang Tsai, Yi You Huang, Shyr Yi Lin, Jiunn Horng Lin, Der Zen Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


The mucosal immune system is the host's first line of defense against invasion by foreign pathogens. Gelatin nanoparticles (GNPs) are suitable carriers for the delivery of antigens via various routes of administration. In the present study, GNPs were modified with polyethyleneimine (PEI), a positively charged polymer. Then, ovalbumin (OVA) and polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C)), an immunostimulant, were adsorbed onto the surface of the positively charged GNPs. We assessed whether GNPs could act as an effective mucosal vaccine that is capable of inducing both mucosal and systemic immune responses. The results showed that GNPs effectively adsorbed OVA/poly(I:C), facilitated cellular uptake by RAW 264.7 macrophage cells and murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) in vitro, and led to increased expression of the maturation markers CD80 and CD86 on BMDCs. Furthermore, GNPs induced increased secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in both RAW 264.7 and BMDCs. C57BL/6 mice that were intranasally twice-immunized with OVA/poly(I:C)-loaded GNPs produced high levels of serum OVA-specific IgG antibodies and secretory IgA in nasal and lung lavage. Spleen cells from immunized mice were collected and re-stimulated with OVA, and results showed significantly augmented production of IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-6 in mice that received OVA/poly(I:C)-loaded GNPs. Moreover, intranasal immunization with OVA/poly(I:C)-loaded GNPs resulted in the inhibition of EG7 tumor growth in C57BL/6 mice. Taken together, these results indicate that nasal administration of OVA/poly(I:C)-loaded GNPs elicited effective mucosal and systemic immune responses, which might be useful for further applications of antigen delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1228-1237
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 2019


  • antigen delivery
  • gelatin nanoparticles
  • mucosal immunity
  • ovalbumin
  • polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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