Stenotrophomonas maltophilia septicemia with pyomyositis in a chemotherapy-treated patient

S. H. Tsai, T. Y. Chao, T. D. Chou, M. S. Dai

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16 Citations (Scopus)


Pyomyositis is a rare complication of chemotherapy. A 35-year-old male patient with myelodysplastic syndrome developed Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteremia shortly after chemotherapy, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia-related pyomyositis was encountered after recovery from neutropenia. He recovered completely after surgical drainage and a protracted course of antibiotic treatment. It is postulated that subclinical myopathy, immunosuppression secondary to the malignancy, or chemotherapeutic drugs may predispose to pyomyositis. Early recognition of this unusual complication in a cancer patient undergoing chemotherapy can prevent further catastrophes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-454
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of Hematology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Pyomyositis
  • Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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