Alternative splicing (AS) constitutes a pivotal mechanism for expanding the transcriptome and proteome diversity in higher eukaryotes. In contrast, misregulated AS events are relevant to carcinogenic signatures, including migration, angiogenesis, immortality, and drug resistance of cancer cells. Using a transcriptome analysis, discriminative splicing profiles of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α transcripts were identified in tumorous tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues of lung cancer (LC) patients. In cancerous tissues or LC-derived cells, relatively high levels of HIF-1α-ex14 transcripts encoding the HIF-1αS isoform were noted compared to adjacent normal tissues and non-cancerous cells. The HIF-1αS isoform exhibited a more-prominent effect than that of the HIF-1αL isoform translated from HIF-1α+ex14 transcripts on enhancing promoter activities of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), serine/arginine splicing factor 1 (SRSF1), and c13orf25 genes. An increase in the SRSF1 protein facilitated the generation of HIF-1α-ex14 transcripts, whereas overexpression of RNA-binding motif protein 4 (RBM4) enhanced the expression of HIF-1α+ex14 transcripts in the A549 cells. Results of splicing reporter assays demonstrated the differential impacts of RBM4 and SRSF1 on the utilization of HIF-1α exon 14 in a CU element-dependent manner. In addition to transcriptional regulation, overexpression of the HIF-1αS and HIF-1αL isoforms differentially enhanced the metastatic signatures of A549 cells. Taken together, SRSF1 and RBM4 constitute an antagonistic mechanism on regulating the splicing profiles of HIF-1α gene, which is relevant to the oncogenic signatures of LC cells.
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2019|
- Alternative splicing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology