Background: Real-world data are scarce about the effectiveness and safety of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir (SOF/VEL/VOX) for retreating East Asian patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection who previously received NS5A direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). We conducted a multicenter study to assess the performance of SOF/VEL/VOX in patients who were not responsive to prior NS5A inhibitors in Taiwan. Methods: Between September 2021 and May 2022, 107 patients who failed NS5A inhibitor-containing DAAs with SOF/VEL/VOX salvage therapy for 12 weeks were included at 16 academic centers. The sustained virologic response at off-treatment week 12 (SVR12) was assessed in the evaluable (EP) and per-protocol (PP) populations. The safety profiles were also reported. Results: All patients completed 12 weeks of treatment and achieved an end-of-treatment virologic response. The SVR12 rates were 97.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) 92.1–99.0%) and 100% (95% CI 96.4–100%) in EP and PP populations. Three (2.8%) patients were lost to off-treatment follow-up and did not meet SVR12 in the EP population. No baseline factors predicted SVR12. Two (1.9%) not-fatal serious adverse events (AE) occurred but were unrelated to SOF/VEL/VOX. Sixteen (15.0%) had grade 2 total bilirubin elevation, and three (2.8%) had grade 2 alanine transaminase (ALT) elevation. Thirteen (81.3%) of the 16 patients with grade 2 total bilirubin elevation had unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. The estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) were comparable between baseline and SVR12, regardless of baseline renal reserve. Conclusions: SOF/VEL/VOX is highly efficacious and well-tolerated for East Asian HCV patients previously treated with NS5A inhibitor-containing DAAs. Clinical trials registration: The study was not a drug trial. There was no need for clinical trial registration.
- Direct-acting antiviral
- Hepatitis C virus
- Resistance-associated substitution
- Sustained virologic response
ASJC Scopus subject areas