Ferritin concentrations in circulation reflect iron stores in healthy individuals. However, elevated serum ferritin (SF) concentrations have recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aim to investigate factors associated with elevated SF and to evaluate the association between SF and risk of MetS in Taiwanese adults. Data was collected from 2654 healthy individuals aged =19 years old, who participated in the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT Adults 2005-2008). Mean concentrations of SF were 173±282 ng/mL (men 229±349 ng/mL and women 119±180 ng/mL). Prevalence proportion of MetS was 34.6% (men 43.1% and women 26.5%). Prevalence proportion of iron overload was 18.6% (men 21.5% and women 15.8%) and iron deficiency anemia was 5.2% (2.0% for men and 8.3% for women). Individuals with the highest SF tertile (T3) were more likely to consume higher amount of animal protein (p=0.001), betel nuts (p=0.004), and lower amounts of carbohydrates (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-407
Number of pages8
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Dietary iron intake
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • National Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan
  • Obesity
  • Serum ferritin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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