BACKGROUND: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) has been advocated to promote the efficacy of antituberculosis agents. Cycloserine (CS) is a second-line anti-tuberculosis drug whose serum concentrations in tuberculosis (TB) patients are largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate serum CS concentrations after drug ingestion in TB patients. METHODS: Multidrug-resistant TB patients who were taking CS in a tertiary care centre in northern Taiwan between 1 April 2009 and 31 October 2009 were enrolled in the study. Serum CS concentrations were measured at 2 and 6 h after drug administration. RESULTS: Of 32 patients enrolled, 23 were males and 9 females. The mean CS dose was 8.8 ± 1.3 mg/kg. The mean serum concentrations at 2 and 6 h were respectively 19.7 ± 8.3 and 18.1 ± 8.7 μg/ml. Seven patients (22%) had serum drug concentrations that were higher at 6 h than at 2 h, 12 (38%) had peak serum concentrations within the recommended range of 20-35 μg/ml; 18 patients (56%) had concentrations 35 μg/ml. CONCLUSION: Lower than recommended serum CS concentrations and delayed absorption were common. It is essential to develop practical TDM to maintain proper serum drug concentrations.
|Journal||International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease|
|Publication status||Published - May 1 2014|
- Therapeutic drug monitoring
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Infectious Diseases