Background: The aim of this study was to examine the predictive value of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) on 12-month seizure outcomes of infants with neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) treated with therapeutic hypothermia. Methods: We conducted this retrospective cohort study in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit between May 2012 and September 2017. Neonates with HIE who received both therapeutic hypothermia (TH) and aEEG were enrolled. Results: A total of 23 infants (14 boys, nine girls) with a mean gestational age of 38.9 weeks were enrolled. Fifteen (65%) infants had moderate HIE and eight (35%) had severe HIE according to modified Sarnat staging. The mean aEEG recording time was 107.5 h. Twenty (86.9%) infants had seizure activity during the first 24 h after cooling and 14 (60.8%) had seizure activity during the first 24 h after rewarming. At 12 months, five (21.7%) infants had poor seizure outcomes. Repetitive seizures or status epilepticus pattern during the first 24 h after rewarming, but not the first 24 h after cooling, were associated with the presence of epilepsy at 12 months (p = 0.037). Conclusions: We identified a high incidence of electrographic seizures in infants with neonatal HIE treated with therapeutic hypothermia, and post-neonatal epilepsy in the children who survived after HIE. Repetitive seizures or status epilepticus pattern during the first 24 h after rewarming, but not in the first 24 h after cooling, were associated with the presence of epilepsy at 12 months.
- Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography
- Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
- Seizure outcome
- Therapeutic hypothermia
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