Salmonella typhimurium brain abscess in a six-month-old infant: A case report and review of the literature

C. S. Lu, C. H. Chiu, T. Y. Lin, S. L. Lin

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7 Citations (Scopus)


We report the case of a six-month-old male infant with brain abscess caused by Salmonella typhimurium. Upon admission, he was suffering from fever, diarrhea, drowsiness and convulsion. Salmonella meningitis was identified by CSF examination. Following failure of antibiotic therapy to control his fever, brain computerized tomography (CT) was ordered 5 days later and revealed a brain abscess. He received surgical excision of the abscess and recovered completely after receiving ceftriaxone therapy for 8 weeks. The case of our patient, together with 11 cases of Salmonella brain abscess from the English literature are reviewed. There was a male preponderance among these patients (male: female = 2.67: 1) and the majority were less than one year old. Salmonella typhimurium, typhi, and enteritidis occurred most frequently. Fever, seizure, signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure and change in mental status were the most common clinical features. Purulent meningitis was a major predisposing factor. Successful treatment was associated with early identification, prompt surgical intervention, high dose, long-term antibiotic therapy, and close follow-up for possible recurrence and to determine the presence of neurological sequelae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-225
Number of pages7
JournalChang Gung Medical Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Brain abscess
  • Salmonella typhimurium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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