Role of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in the survival rate of pediatric patients with acute myocarditis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Chun Yu Yen, Miao Chiu Hung, Ying Chi Wong, Chia Yuan Chang, Chou Cheng Lai, Keh Gong Wu

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The treatment of pediatric myocarditis is controversial, and the benefits of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) are inconclusive due to limited data. We searched studies from PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases since establishment until October 1st, 2018. Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria. We included a total of 812 patients with IVIG treatment and 592 patients without IVIG treatment. The meta-analysis showed that the survival rate in the IVIG group was higher than that in the non-IVIG group (odds ratio = 2.133, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.32–3.43, p = 0.002). There was moderate statistical heterogeneity among the included studies (I2 = 35%, p = 0.102). However, after adjustment using Duval and Tweedie’s trim and fill method, the point estimate of the overall effect size was 1.40 (95% CI 0.83, 2.35), which became insignificant. Moreover, the meta-regression revealed that age (coefficient = −0.191, 95% CI (−0.398, 0.015), p = 0.069) and gender (coefficient = 0.347, 95% CI (−7.586, 8.279), p = 0.93) were not significantly related to the survival rate. This meta-analysis showed that IVIG treatment was not associated with better survival. The use of IVIG therapy in acute myocarditis in children cannot be routinely recommended based on current evidence. Further prospective and randomized controlled studies are needed to elucidate the effects of IVIG treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10459
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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