Rise of community-onset urinary tract infection caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in children

Nai Chia Fan, Hsin Hang Chen, Chyi Liang Chen, Liang Shiou Ou, Tzou Yien Lin, Ming Han Tsai, Cheng Hsun Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by resistant bacteria is becoming more prevalent. Few studies are available regarding community-onset UTIs caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria in children.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a 5-year period, hospitalized children with community-onset UTI caused by ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (case) and those with non-ESBL-producing E. coli (control) were identified. Patients with long-term care facility stay within the preceding month and those with urine cultures obtained >72 hours after admission were excluded. Clinical features and risk factors associated with the occurrence of ESBL-producing E. coli UTI were reviewed.

RESULTS: The prevalence of UTI due to ESBL-producing E. coli increased slightly from 0.59% in 2002 to 0.96% in 2006. A total of 104 cases and 208 controls were included for comparison. The ciprofloxacin resistance of the ESBL-producing E. coli increased significantly in this period (p = 0.006). Pre-existing neurological diseases (p < 0.001), use of antibiotics in the past 3 months (p < 0.001), and recent hospitalization within 1 month (p < 0.001) were found to be potential risk factors. Moreover, previous exposure to third-generation cephalosporins (p < 0.001) and aminoglycosides (p < 0.001) was associated with the selection of ESBL-producing E. coli. Children with ESBL-producing E. coli UTIs had a longer hospital stay (p = 0.031) than those without.

CONCLUSIONS: ESBL-producing E. coli gradually became coresistant to other broad-spectrum antibiotics, notably ciprofloxacin. UTIs caused by such resistant organisms led to a longer hospital stay and more antibiotic use. Reinforcement of infection control measures, especially hand washing in childcare settings and antibiotic stewardship, is critical to reduce the spread of ESBL-producing E. coli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-405
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of microbiology, immunology, and infection = Wei mian yu gan ran za zhi
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Children
  • E. coli
  • Extended-spectrum β-lactamase
  • Urinary tract infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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