Resveratrol inhibits arecoline-induced fibrotic properties of buccal mucosal fibroblasts via miR-200a activation

Hui Wen Yang, Dennis Chun-Yu Ho, Heng Yi Liao, Yi Wen Liao, Chih Yuan Fang, Min Yee Ng, Cheng Chia Yu, Fu Chen Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background/purpose: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a precancerous lesion in the oral cavity, commonly results from the Areca nut chewing habit. Arecoline, the main component of Areca nut, is known to stimulate the activation of myofibroblasts, which can lead to abnormal collagen I deposition. Meanwhile, Resveratrol is a non-flavonoid phenolic substance that can be naturally obtained from various berries and foods. Given that resveratrol has significant anti-fibrosis traits in other organs, but little is known about its effect on OSF, this study aimed to investigate the therapeutic impact of resveratrol on OSF and its underlying mechanism. Materials and methods: The cytotoxicity of resveratrol was tested using normal buccal mucosal fibroblasts (BMFs). Myofibroblast phenotypes such as collagen contractile, enhanced migration, and wound healing capacities in dose-dependently resveratrol-treated fBMFs were examined. Results: Current results showed that arecoline induced cell migration and contractile activity in BMFs as well as upregulated the expressions of α-SMA, type I collagen, and ZEB1 markers. Resveratrol intervention, on the other hand, was shown to inhibit arecoline-induced myofibroblast activation and reduce myofibroblast hallmarks and EMT markers. Additionally, resveratrol was also demonstrated to restore the downregulated miR-200a in the arecoline-stimulated cells. Conclusion: In a nutshell, these findings implicate that resveratrol may have an inhibitory influence on arecoline-induced fibrosis via the regulation of miR-200a. Hence, resveratrol may be used as a therapeutic strategy for OSF intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1028-1035
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dental Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


  • miR-200a
  • Myofibroblasts
  • Oral submucous fibrosis
  • Resveratrol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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