Reorganization of functional connectivity during the motor task using EEG time-frequency cross mutual information analysis

Chia-Feng Lu, Shin Teng, Chih-I. Hung, Po-Jung Tseng, Liang-Ta Lin, Po-Lei Lee, Yu-Te Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: This study investigates the functional organization of cortical networks during self-determinant arm movement using the time sequences of the alpha (8-12. Hz) and beta (16-25. Hz) bands. Methods: The time-frequency cross mutual information (TFCMI) method was used to estimate the EEG functional connectivity in the alpha and beta bands for seven healthy subjects during four functional states: the resting, preparing, movement-onset, and movement-offset states. Results: In the preparing state, the maintenance of the central-executive network (CEN, prefrontal-parietal connection) suppressed the motor network in the alpha band to plan the next movement, whereas the CEN was deactivated in the beta band to retain visual attention (the frontal-occipital connection). A significant decrease of the CEN in the alpha band occurred after a visual cue in the movement-onset state, followed by a significant increase in motor-network connectivity in the beta band until the movement-offset state. Conclusions: The temporal-spectral modulation mechanism allows the brain to manifest multiple functions subject to energy budget. Significance: The TFCMI method was employed to estimate EEG functional connectivity and effectively demonstrate the reorganization process between four functional states. © 2011 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1569-1579
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Alpha
  • Beta
  • EEG
  • Motor task
  • Reorganization
  • alpha rhythm
  • article
  • beta rhythm
  • brain cortex
  • electroencephalography
  • executive function
  • female
  • human
  • human experiment
  • male
  • methodology
  • motor performance
  • normal human
  • priority journal
  • task performance
  • time frequency cross mutual information method
  • vision
  • Adult
  • Alpha Rhythm
  • Arm
  • Beta Rhythm
  • Brain
  • Brain Mapping
  • Electroencephalography
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Movement
  • Neural Pathways
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult


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