Renal outcomes after contrast exposure in patients with diabetes who use sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors

Chih Wei Chen, Fu You Su, Ping Ping Wang, Ming Tsang Chuang, Yi Cheng Lin, Chih Chin Kao, Chun Yao Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Contrast-induced nephropathy has become increasingly prevalent as the age and prevalence of comorbidities in the general population have increased. Most cases of contrast-induced nephropathy are reversible; however, some may progress to acute kidney disease, and subsequently, to chronic kidney disease. Sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are known for their renoprotective effects. However, whether the use of these inhibitors affects the risk of contrast-induced kidney injury remains unclear. Methods: Data were collected from the Taipei Medical University Clinical Research Database. We included patients with diabetes who had contrast exposure between 2016 and 2020 because of computed tomography or coronary angiography. The primary outcome was the risk of a major adverse kidney event (MAKE), which encompassed acute kidney disease, chronic kidney disease progression, and the need for renal replacement therapy. Overlap weighting was performed to reduce the effects of potential confounders. Results: This study included 12 421 patients, who were divided into two groups: SGLT2i users (n = 920) and nonusers (n = 11 501). The follow-up period after contrast exposure was 6 months. The risk of a MAKE was lower in SGLT2i users than in nonusers (incidence, 36.9 vs. 49.9 per 1000 person-months, respectively; P = .0011). Furthermore, the incidence of acute kidney disease or chronic kidney disease progression was significantly lower in the SGLT2i users than in nonusers. However, no significant between-group difference was noted in the incidence of other MAKEs. Conclusions: SGLT2i may be safely used in diabetic patients needing contrast exposure. The risk of a MAKE may be lower in SGLT2i users than in nonusers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-150
Number of pages9
JournalPostgraduate Medical Journal
Volume100
Issue number1181
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2024

Keywords

  • contrast exposure
  • contrast-induced nephropathy
  • diabetes mellitus
  • renal insufficiency
  • sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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