Removal of model organic precursors by coagulation

E. E. Chang, P. C. Chiang, H. J. Hsing, S. Y. Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Low-molecular-weight organics, i.e., phloroglucinol (P), resorcinol (R), and p-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA), were selected as the target compounds to evaluate their removal and precursor reduction efficiency by coagulation under the presence of high-molecular-weight compounds. The results of this investigation reveal that turbidity removal efficiencies can achieve 95% and above, but the total organic carbon removal for P, R, and PHBA are not remarkable, which are less than 20%. The chlorine demand after 168 hour is: P≅PHBA>R>humic acids (HA)>tannic acid (TA); while the order of trihalomethanes (THM) formation is R>P>PHBA>HA>TA, which is strictly dependent upon the nature of the model compounds. By applying the developed dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal model, both the maximum adsorption capacity and the residual DOC can be well predicted after coagulation. In this developed model, the adsorption capacity (a) is a function of the sorbable part of organic compounds (fsorbable), which can be expressed as: a=e2.67fsorbable, both shown in nature and synthetic water samples. The fnonsorb increased as the molecular weight (MW) of the target compounds decreased, suggesting that low-MW target compounds could not be easily adsorbed on the flocs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-76
Number of pages8
JournalPractice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007


  • Abatement and removal
  • Chloride
  • Coagulation
  • Organic matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • General Environmental Science


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