Regulated Li Electrodeposition Behavior through Mesoporous Silica Thin Film in Anode-Free Lithium Metal Batteries

Chang An Lo, Chiao Chun Chang, Yi Wei Tsai, Shi Kai Jiang, Bing Joe Hwang, Chung Yuan Mou, Heng Liang Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Lithium metal anode material suffers from the formation of a dendritic structure and manufacturing difficulties in Li metal batteries. Although anode-free lithium metal batteries (AFLMBs) have received broad interest due to their high energy density and easy fabrication, controlling the morphology of electrodeposited Li is challenging. In this work, we report on the use of mesoporous silica thin films (MSTFs) with perpendicular nanochannel (pore size â 6 nm) stacking on a stainless steel (SS) substrate as the MSTF⊠SS for advancing AFLMBs. The MSTF⊠SS substrate with inorganic structures improves the stability of the Li plating/stripping process in Li-MSTF⊠SS cells at a current density of 2 mA cm-2 and capacity of 2 mAh cm-2. A LiFePO4 cathode (mass loading: â 12 mg cm-2) paired with the MSTF⊠SS electrode delivered an initial discharge capacity of 154 mA h g-1, which is â 20% higher than that of the bare SS electrode at a C rate of 0.1C. Grazing-incidence wide-Angle X-ray scattering results suggest that MSTF regulates the Li electrodeposition process with individual microcrystals and leads to the formation of Li(110). Also, the electrodeposited Li film with a uniform surface is obtained on the MSTF⊠SS substrate. The designed porous MSTF with high stability, ultrasmall pore size, and lithiophilic properties enhances the performance of AFLMBs with the LiFePO4 cathode during 100 cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5132-5142
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 24 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • anode-free lithium metal battery
  • grazing-incidence wide-Angle X-ray scattering
  • lithium electrodeposition
  • mesoporous silica thin film
  • online GC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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