RAB31 drives extracellular vesicle fusion and cancer‐associated fibroblast formation leading to oxaliplatin resistance in colorectal cancer

Yu‐Chan Chang, Yi‐Fang Yang, Chien‐Hsiu Li, Ming‐Hsien Chan, Meng‐Lun Lu, Ming‐Huang Chen, Chi‐Long Chen, Michael Hsiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Epithelial‐mesenchymal transition (EMT) is associated with tumorigenesis and drug resistance. The Rab superfamily of small G‐proteins plays a role in regulating cell cytoskeleton and vesicle transport. However, it is not yet clear how the Rab family contributes to cancer progression by participating in EMT. By analysing various in silico datasets, we identified a statistically significant increase in RAB31 expression in the oxaliplatin‐resistant group compared to that in the parental or other chemotherapy drug groups. Our findings highlight RAB31's powerful effect on colorectal cancer cell lines when compared with other family members. In a study that analysed multiple online meta‐databases, RAB31 RNA levels were continually detected in colorectal tissue arrays. Additionally, RAB31 protein levels were correlated with various clinical parameters in clinical databases and were associated with negative prognoses for patients. RAB31 expression levels in all three probes were calculated using a computer algorithm and were found to be positively correlated with EMT scores. The expression of the epithelial‐type marker CDH1 was suppressed in RAB31 overexpression models, whereas the expression of the mesenchymal‐type markers SNAI1 and SNAI2 increased. Notably, RAB31 ‐induced EMT and drug resistance are dependent on extracellular vesicle (EV) secretion. Interactome analysis confirmed that RAB31 /AGR2 axis‐mediated exocytosis was responsible for maintaining colorectal cell resistance to oxaliplatin. Our study concluded that RAB31 alters the sensitivity of oxaliplatin, a supplementary chemotherapy approach, and is an independent prognostic factor that can be used in the treatment of colorectal cancer.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Extracellular Biology
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

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