Background: Epileptic surgery is the potentially curative treatment for children with refractory seizures. The study aimed to quantify and analyze high frequency oscillation (HFO) ripples and interictal epileptiform discharges (EDs) in intraoperative electrocorticography (ECoG) between malformation of cortical dysplasia (MCD) and non-MCD children with MRI-lesional focal epilepsy, and evaluate of seizure outcomes after epileptic surgery. Methods: The intraoperative ECoG was performed before and after lesionectomy. Quantifications of HFO ripples and interictal EDs of ECoG by frequency, amplitude, and foci of intraoperative ECoG were performed based on electrode location, and the characteristics of ECoG recordings were analyzed in each patient based on their histopathology. Seizure outcome after surgery according to their quantitative ECoG findings was analyzed. Results: Frequency of EDs and HFO ripple rates in preresection ECoG were significantly higher in children with MCD compared with non-MCD (p = 0.018 and p = 0.002, respectively). Higher frequencies of EDs and ripple rates in preresection ECoG were observed in residual seizures than in seizure-free children (p = 0.045 and p = 0.005, respectively). Clinically, children with residual seizures after surgery were significantly younger at the onset, had a trend of higher seizure frequency and higher spike frequency of presurgical videoEEG. Conclusion: Our results suggested that quantification of intraoperative ECoG predicted seizure outcomes and reflected different ED pattern and frequencies between MCD and non-dysplastic histopathology among children who underwent resective epileptic surgery. The results of our study were encouraging and indicated that intraoperative ECoG improved the outcomes of surgery in children with epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1500-1511
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • Brain tumor
  • Electrocorticography
  • Epilepsy surgery
  • Epileptiform discharges
  • Malformation of cortical development
  • Ripples

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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