Quality of life, symptom distress, and social support among renal transplant recipients in southern taiwan: A correlational study

Wan Chi Chen, Ching Huey Chen, Po Chang Lee, Wen Ling Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Quality of life is an important indicator for evaluating therapeutic outcomes and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease. Few studies have explored the impact of symptom distress and social support on quality of life in this population. A correlational study was designed to examine the influence of symptom distress, social support and demographic characteristics on quality of life in renal transplant recipients. A convenience sample of 113 renal transplant recipients was recruited from a medical center in Southern Taiwan. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data. This four-part tool included: Quality of Life Index - Kidney Transplant Version III, Physical Symptom Distress Scale, Social Support Scale, and demographic characteristics. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics (SPSS 10.1 statistical package). Percentage, rank, mean and standard deviation, t-tests, chi-square, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression were computed. Results showed that renal transplant recipients had a moderate quality of life. Social support and symptom distress, age, employment status, and household income significantly explained 28.8% of the variance in quality of life. Findings suggest implications for interventional programming and research aimed toward improving quality of life, including individual and family-based approaches designed to enhance recipients' social support and address effective management of symptoms. Recruiting a transplant clinical nurse specialist to design and implement an intervention program also is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-329
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nursing Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Quality of life
  • Renal transplantation
  • Social support
  • Symptom distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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