Psychometric testing of the bahasa version of the brief illness perception questionnaire among indonesians with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Yohanes Andy Rias, Andi Hayyun Abiddin, Nuh Huda, Sri Handayani, Healthy Seventina Sirait, Li Chung Pien, Shuen Fu Weng, Hsiu Ting Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (B-IPQ) has been recommended to validate illness perception. Nevertheless, this measurement has yet to be validated with an assessment of the construct and convergent validities and reliability in Indonesia. Our study aimed to psychometrically test the 8-item B-IPQ among Indonesians with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Data included 294 patients with T2DM with stratified multistage clustering. The 36-item Short Form Survey, 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, and fasting blood glucose (FBG) were used to examine convergence and divergence. The validity analysis included the construct and convergent validities with significant person correlations. Cronbach’s alpha, composite reliability (CR), and average variance extracted (AVE) were used to assess reliability. Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses indicated a multidimensional structure, including cognitive with a five-item structure and emotional illness representation with a three-item structure, with an acceptable goodness of model fit. The tool revealed good internal consistency for the cognitive, emotional, and overall domains and was positively moderately correlated with FBG, stress, anxiety, and depression but negatively correlated with the overall quality of life and mental and physical component scores. Findings provide empirical evidence that the Bahasa version of the B-IPQ showed adequate internal consistency, exploratory and confirmatory, and thus is valid and reliable for illness perception assessments among Indonesians with T2DM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9601
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • Bahasa version
  • Brief illness perception questionnaire
  • Psychometrics
  • Reliability
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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