Propofol-related infusion syndrome (PRIS) has a high mortality with myocardial failure and dysrhythmias. However, there is no detailed description of the serial cardiac conditions presenting during the critical and recovery periods during PRIS. We report the case of a 24-year-old man with a traumatic head injury who developed PRIS after propofol infusion. Cyanosis, hypotension, neck vein distension, cardiac arrest and ventricular tachycardia occurred. The patient survived PRIS by prompt cessation of propofol, the use of inotropic agents, and short-term hemofiltration. A timely Holter electrocardiogram (ECG) recording, serial echocardiograms and 12-lead ECGs revealed isolated right heart failure, sequential bradycardia, arrest, left bundle branch block-like ventricular tachycardia, and varied coved-type ST elevation in the right precordial leads. All these clinical abnormalities (symptoms, echocardiograms, and ECGs) subsided within a few hours after treatment. The patient was eventually discharged with clear consciousness and without any cardiopulmonary sequelae. Our cardiac survey implied that in PRIS, the right heart is severely injured, both mechanically and electrophysiologically. Injured right hearts can completely and rapidly recover if recognition and treatment are timely.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-195
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine(Taiwan)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010


  • Cardiac arrest
  • Coved-type ST elevation
  • Heart failure
  • Propofol
  • Ventricular arrhythmia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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