Prognostic indicators for the onset of ischaemic versus haemorrhagic stroke in stable coronary artery disease

Wei Ting Wang, Tao Cheng Wu, Wei Kung Tseng, Yen Wen Wu, Tsung Hsien Lin, Hung I. Yeh, Kuan Cheng Chang, Ji Hung Wang, Hsin Bang Leu, Wei Hsian Yin, Chau Chung Wu, Jaw Wen Chen

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The incidence of stroke may be increased in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to investigate the specific risk factors for the development of ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke in stable CAD patients. Patients with stable CAD were prospectively enrolled for future cardiovascular events in Taiwan. All the patients had received coronary interventions and were stable for least 1 month before enrolment. The incidence of ischaemic stroke was identified and confirmed by telephone and hospital records. Baseline characteristics, including demographic data, lipid profiles, medications, and biomarkers for potential inflammatory and atherosclerosis, were analysed. In total, 1428 patients (age, 63.07 ± 11.4 years; 1207 males) were under standard medical treatment and regularly followed-up for at least 4 years. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that baseline serum myeloperoxidase (MPO) level (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.89, 95% CI: 1.16–3.10, P = .01) and statin use (HR: 0.37; 95% CI: 0.17–0.79, P = .01) were independently associated with the onset of ischaemic stroke. Age (HR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.00–1.14, P = .04) and angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) use (HR: 0.37, 95% CI: 0.17–0.79, P = .01) were independently associated with future onset of intracranial haemorrhage (ICH), implying the different mechanisms of ischaemic stroke and ICH. Age and ARB use were related to ICH onset. Baseline MPO level and statin use were independently associated with longer and shorter future ischaemic stroke onset in stable CAD patients, respectively. Further studies are indicated to confirm the potential mechanisms and advance individual risk stratification for the onset of different types of stroke in clinical CAD.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere27973
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume100
Issue number48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 3 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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