Prevention of acute kidney injury by low intensity pulsed ultrasound via anti-inflammation and anti-apoptosis

Chih Kang Chiang, Jui Zhi Loh, Ting Hua Yang, Kuo Tong Huang, Cheng Tien Wu, Siao Syun Guan, Shing Hwa Liu, Kuan Yu Hung

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14 Citations (Scopus)


The therapeutic effects of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) with acute kidney injury (AKI) are still unclear. A renal tubule cell model under H2O2 or hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) conditions with or without LIPUS pre-treatment (1 MHz, 30 and 100 mW/cm2, 15 min) was used to test the in vitro effects of LIPUS. An AKI mouse model of unilateral IRI with nephrectomy of the contralateral kidney for 48 h with or without LIPUS treatment (3 MHz, 100 mW/cm2, 20 min/day) 5 day before IRI were used to investigate the in vivo effects of LIPUS. LIPUS significantly protected the renal tubule cell viability and prevented inflammatory signals against H2O2 challenge. LIPUS could inhibit the apoptosis-related molecular signals and increase the protein levels of endogenous antioxidant enzymes, α-Klotho, and Sirt1 in renal tubule cells after H/R challenge. LIPUS alleviated the increases in the serum levels of blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and cystatin C, renal pathological changes and apoptosis-related molecular signals, and impaired antioxidant enzymes in AKI mice. The IRI-induced inflammatory responses in the kidneys and spleens could be reversed by LIPUS. These findings suggest that LIPUS treatment displays the benefits for renal protection in IRI-induced AKI mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14317
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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