BACKGROUND: The incidence of chronic kidney disease is increasing, but most cases are not diagnosed until the accidental finding of abnormal laboratory data or the presentation of severe symptoms. Patients with chronic kidney disease are reported to have an increased risk of postoperative mortality and morbidities, but previous studies mainly targeted populations undergoing cardiovascular surgery. The authors aimed to evaluate the risk of postoperative mortality and complications in a surgical population with preoperative renal insufficiency (RI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database between 2013 and 2018 to evaluate the risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality in the surgical population. Patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 60 ml/min/1.73 m 2 were defined as the RI group. Propensity score matching methods and multivariate logistic regression were used to calculate the risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality. RESULTS: After propensity score matching, 502 281 patients were included in the RI and non-RI groups. The RI group had a higher risk of 30-day in-hospital mortality (odds ratio: 1.54, 95% CI: 1.49-1.58) than the non-RI group. The RI group was associated with a higher risk of postoperative complications, including myocardial infarction, stroke, pneumonia, septic shock, and postoperative bleeding. The RI group was also associated with an increased risk of prolonged ventilator use for over 48 h, readmission, and reoperation. CONCLUSION: Patients with preoperative RI have an increased risk of postoperative 30-day mortality and complications. RI group patients with current dialysis, estimated glomerular filtration rate less than or equal to 30 ml/min/1.73 m 2 or concomitant anemia had an elevated risk of postoperative mortality.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International journal of surgery (London, England)|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1 2023|
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