Predictors of remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus in obese patients after gastrointestinal surgery

Yi Chih Lee, Wei Jei Lee, Phui Ly Liew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Gastroenterology is a beneficial treatment of morbidly obese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to identify the predictors for the treatment of T2DM obese patients. Methods: A retrospective study consisting of 531 patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric banding (LGB), laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass (LMGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) from January 2004 to May 2007 was performed. Patients with preoperative fasting serum glucose concentration of more than 126 mg/dl were diagnosed as T2DM. A postoperatively fasting serum glucose level of less than 110 mg/dl was considered to be remission of T2DM. Results: Of the 531 patients, 62 (11.6%) were diagnosed as T2DM, including 23 men and 39 women, with a mean age of 31.8 ± 9.2 years, and a mean body mass index (BMI) of 40.0 kg/m2. The mean glucose at 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery were 100.1 mg/dl, 95.1 mg/dl and 91.8 mg/dl, respectively. The mean body weight loss one year after surgery was 9.4% for LGB, 31.4% for LSG and 37.1% for LMGB, respectively. Among these operation methods (LGB, LMGB and LSG), the BMI, body weight, waist circumference, serum lipid profile and serum factors associated with glucose metabolism were significantly different during the one-year postoperative follow-up. Remission rate of T2DM was achieved in 84.8%, 58.8% and 58.3% of patients for LMGB, LGB and LSG, respectively. The best operative method for the remission of T2DM was LMGB. Using an artificial neural network (ANN) data mining technique, waist circumference, operative methods and C-peptide were significantly predictors for the remission of T2 DM. Conclusion: One year after gastrointestinal surgery, improvement of serum lipid profiles and serum data related to glucose metabolism in the different operative methods were noticed. LMGB seems to be the most effective procedure for the reduction of serum glucose levels compared with LAGB and LSG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e494-e500
JournalObesity Research and Clinical Practice
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013


  • Gastric banding
  • Gastric bypass
  • Gastrointestinal surgery
  • Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


Dive into the research topics of 'Predictors of remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus in obese patients after gastrointestinal surgery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this