Preclinical Assessment of Enhanced Chemodynamic Therapy by an FeMnOx-Based Nanocarrier: Tumor-Microenvironment-Mediated Fenton Reaction and ROS-Induced Chemotherapeutic for Boosted Antitumor Activity

Worku Batu Dirersa, Tzu Chun Kan, Girum Getachew, Aswandi Wibrianto, Sonjid Ochirbat, Akash Rasal, Jungshan Chang, Jia Yaw Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent studies, iron-containing Fenton nanocatalysts have demonstrated significant promise for clinical use due to their effective antitumor activity and low cytotoxicity. A new approach was reported in this work utilizing cation exchange synthesis to fabricate FeMnOx nanoparticles (NPs) that boost Fenton reactions and responses to the tumor microenvironment (TME) for chemodynamic therapy (CDT) and chemotherapy (CT). Within the TME, the redox metal pair of Fe2+/Mn2+ helps break down endogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) into very harmful hydroxyl radicals (•OH) while simultaneously deactivating glutathione (GSH) to boost CDT performance. To further enhance the therapeutic potential, FeMnOx NPs were encapsulated with thioketal-linked camptothecin (CPT-TK-COOH), a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive prodrug, achieving a high CPT-loading capacity of up to 51.1%. Upon ROS generation through the Fenton reaction, the prodrug TK linkage was disrupted, releasing 80% of the CPT payload within 48 h. Notably, FeMnOx@CPT exhibited excellent dual-modal imaging capabilities, enabling magnetic resonance and fluorescence imaging for image-guided therapy. In vitro studies showed the cytocompatibility of FeMnOx NPs using MDA-Mb-231 and 4T1 cells, but in the presence of H2O2, they induced significant cytotoxicity, resulting in 80% cell death through CDT and CT effects. Upon intravenous administration, FeMnOx@CPT displayed remarkable tumor accumulation, which enhanced tumor suppression in xenografts through improved CDT and CT effects. Moreover, no significant adverse effects were observed in the FeMnOx NP-treated animals. In the current study, the FeMnOx@CPT anticancer platform, with its boosted •OH-producing capability and ROS-cleavable drug release, has been validated utilizing in vitro and animal studies, suggesting its capacity as a viable strategy for clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55258-55275
Number of pages18
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume15
Issue number48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 6 2023

Keywords

  • camptothecin
  • cation exchange
  • chemo/chemodynamic therapy
  • cocatalyst
  • drug delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science

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