Complicated hemangiomas are unique problems in which intervention with the proper laser can be an ideal solution. In this study we evaluated the toxicity of 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and Photofrin® using in vitro models. The in vitro toxicity of 5-ALA and Photofrin® was examined in a microvascular endothelial cell (MEC) culture system. The measurement of the percentage of MEC killed by various drug concentration using fluorescence viability assay. MEC incubated with 5-ALA at various concentrations for evaluation of dark toxicity showed less than a 50% cell kill. A comparison of different intervals of subcultured MEC showed that the early subculture (3 days after primary culture) is more vulnerable than later subculture (7 days after). Cells treated with Photofrin® at various concentrations exhibited less than 50% cell kill (dark toxicity). The comparison of different intervals of subculture (3 days and 7 days after primary culture) showed a result similar to that of 5-ALA. All controls showed 0% cell kill. In conclusion, both 5-ALA and Photofrin® are capable of destroying human microvascular endothelial cells in vitro. Drug concentrations and the power density for photodynamic therapy should be considered and will be included in our subsequent studies.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Clinical Laser Medicine and Surgery
|Published - Sept 22 1997
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering