Phenolic profiling and bioactivity assessment of in vitro propagated Psidium cattleianum Sabine: A promising study

Eman M. El-Deeb, Heba E. Elsayed, Hanaa B. Ateya, Hussein S. Taha, Mohamed R. Elgindi, Doaa Abouelenein, Giovanni Caprioli, Kuei Hung Lai, Ahmed M. Mustafa, Fatma A. Moharram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Psidium cattleianum Sabine (strawberry guava) is an evergreen shrub that is grown as a fruiting hedge and has received significant consideration in the food and pharmaceutical disciplines. This study aims to set a promising protocol for in vitro propagation of P. cattleianum, along with profiling the phenolic content of the original plant (OP), induced callus (IC), and regenerated plantlets (RP) extracts, ultimately, evaluating their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer potential. Seeds were treated with commercial bleaching, HCl, and H2O2 to enhance the germination percentage and minimize the contamination percentage. Culturing sterilized leaf explants onto Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with benzyl adenine (BA), 2,4-dichloro phenoxy acetic acid, and kinetin showed the best callus induction, while supplementation of MS media with BA, adenine sulfate, naphthalene acetic acid, and gibberellic acid activated regeneration. Augmentation of MS media with indol-3-butyric acid recorded the maximum rooting percentage. Finally, the obtained rooted shoots were successfully acclimatized in sand and peat moss soil. HPLC-MS/MS profiles of OP, RP, and IC showed a variety of phenolic metabolites. IC extract decreased the viability of MCF-7, HepG2, and K-562 cancer cell lines. Also, OP exhibits strong antioxidant activity. P. cattleianum and its RP are profound sources of phenolic compounds promoted for promising applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere29379
JournalHeliyon
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 30 2024

Keywords

  • Anti-cancer
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antioxidant
  • Callus
  • HPLC-MS/MS
  • Micropropagation
  • Phenolics
  • Regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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