Peptidoglycan enhances transcriptional expression of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein delta gene in mouse macrophages.

Yu Chiuan Huang, Wen Chang Chang, Jyan Gwo J. Su, Jheng Liang Cai, Chun Chia Chen, Jan Jong Hung, Yi Wen Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Peptidoglycan-activated gene expression is mediated through various transcription factors including CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein delta (C/EBPdelta). The purpose of the present study is to elucidate the mechanism of PGN-activated C/EBPdelta gene. PGN stimulated C/EBPdelta protein and mRNA expression in mouse macrophages RAW 264.7 cells. Analysis of C/EBPdelta promoter activity by luciferase reporter assay indicated that PGN-induced C/EBPdelta gene activation is partially mediated by the -345 to +24 bp of C/EBPdelta gene promoter. The in vitro protein-DNA binding assay showed that Sp1, c-Rel and c-Jun are the major protein binding to this PGN-response element of C/EBPdelta promoter, and the binding of c-Rel and c-Jun is increased after PGN treatment. All of these binding activities were abolished when Sp1-, NF-kappaB/APRE-, CRE-sites were mutated. Furthermore, analysis of this promoter region by site-directed mutants constructed in luciferase reporter vector indicated that two Sp1-sites, one NF-kappaB/APRE-site and one CRE-site are prominent for PGN-induced gene expression. In addition, when Sp1, c-Rel or c-Jun transcription factors were overexpressed in cells, all of them enhanced C/EBPdelta promoter activity. In summary, we suggest that Sp1, c-Rel and c-Jun transcription factors play important roles in activation of C/EBPdelta gene promoter under the stimulation of PGN. Given the importance of C/EBPdelta in inflammatory disease, these results reveal a clue as a potential therapeutic target for suppression of C/EBPdelta expression under PGN stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-418
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biomedical Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Peptidoglycan enhances transcriptional expression of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein delta gene in mouse macrophages.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this