Pediatric traffic injuries on halloween in the united kingdom: Prevalence and injury severity

Li Min Hsu, Bayu Satria Wiratama, Ping Ling Chen, Wafaa Saleh, Hui An Lin, Chih Wei Pai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The study results serve as a reminder for parents, children, and drivers to be alert to the danger of traffic crashes on Halloween. The aim of this study was to examine whether Halloween is associated with a higher incidence of traffic injuries and whether traffic injuries sustained on Halloween are more severe than those sustained on other days. The U.K. STATS19 database, including the data of all road traffic crashes occurring from 1990 to 2017, was employed. A total of 73,587 pediatric traffic casualties (involving pedestrians, cyclists, and moped riders) were included. Between 17:00 and 19:00 (17:00~18:59) on Halloween, the number of casualties was higher than that on other public holidays and usual days. The logistic regression model revealed that, between 17:00 and 18:00 (17:00~17:59), the risk of being killed or seriously injured on Halloween was 34.2% higher (odds ratio = 1.342; 95% CI = 1.065–1.692) than that on other days. Pediatric crashes occurring on Halloween are associated with a higher number of injuries and increased injury severity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9093
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • Halloween
  • Injury severity
  • Pediatric traffic injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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