Patient Life Experience and Activity of Daily Living before and after Total Knee Arthroplasty

Pi-Chu Lin, Kimie Fujita, Su Yu Chang, Yo Yi Liu

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Background: As the population ageing, more patients suffer from joint disease. Joint replacement surgery performed in Taiwan is about 10,000 to 20,000 cases yearly. Aims: The purpose of this study is to realize Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) patients’ views about life experiences and difficulty in daily life before and after the surgery. Methods: In this study, in-depth interview with interview guideline was used to analyze patients’ experience by using a qualitative research method, and questionnaires were used to collect quantity data. Results: 1) A total of 20 participants were recruited. Average age was 75.15 (SD = 6.468). Eighteen of the participants were female and the other two were male. The majority of participants indicated that their home facilities were convenient or very convenient. 2) Motivations of the participants to undergo TKA were joint pain, limited joint range of motion, and weakness in legs. Participants’ expectations after surgery were no more pain and ease in walking, and able to manage daily life. 3) Depending on the time after surgery, joint pain and walking ability had improved to some extent. The joint range of motion increased, but kneeling remained difficult, and the participants’ mood and exercise capacity were improved. Conclusions: The finding can be as a reference for clinical practitioner to provide preoperative education for total knee arthroplasty patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-671
JournalOpen Journal of Nursing
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2016


  • Qualitative Research
  • Total Knee Arthroplasty
  • Quality of Life
  • Activities of Daily Life
  • Patient Experience


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