PAICS/DYRK3 Multienzyme Interactions as Coregulators of Purinosome Formation and Metabolism on Radioresistance in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Chin Sheng Huang, Ming Shou Hsieh, Vijesh Kumar Yadav, Yang Che Wu, Shao Cheng Liu, Chi Tai Yeh, Mao Suan Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a prevalent type of oral cancer. While therapeutic innovations have made strides, radioresistance persists as a significant hindrance in OSCC treatment. Despite identifying numerous targets that could potentially suppress the oncogenic attributes of OSCC, the exploration of oncogenic protein kinases for cancer therapy remains limited. Consequently, the functions of many kinase proteins in OSCC continue to be largely undetermined. In this research, we aim to disclose protein kinases that target OSCC and elaborate their roles and molecular mechanisms. Through the examination of the kinome library of radiotherapy-resistant/sensitive OSCC cell lines (HN12 and SAS), we identified a key gene, the tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase 3 (DYRK3), a member of the DYRK family. We developed an in vitro cell model, composed of radiation-resistant OSCC, to scrutinize the clinical implications and contributions of DYRK3 and phosphoribosylaminoimidazole carboxylase and phosphoribosylaminoimidazolesuccinocarboxamide synthase (PAICS) signaling in OSCC. This investigation involves bioinformatics and human tissue arrays. We seek to comprehend the role of DYRK3 and PAICS signaling in the development of OSCC and its resistance to radiotherapy. Various in vitro assays are utilized to reveal the essential molecular mechanism behind radiotherapy resistance in connection with the DYRK3 and PAICS interaction. In our study, we quantified the concentrations of DYRK3 and PAICS proteins and tracked the expression levels of key pluripotency markers, particularly PPAT. Furthermore, we extended our investigation to include an analysis of Glut-1, a gene recognized for its linkage to radioresistance in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Furthermore, we conducted an in vivo study to affirm the impact of DYRK3 and PAICS on tumor growth and radiotherapy resistance, focusing particularly on the role of DYRK3 in the radiotherapy resistance pathway. This focus leads us to identify new therapeutic agents that can combat radiotherapy resistance by inhibiting DYRK3 (GSK-626616). Our in vitro models showed that inhibiting PAICS disrupts purinosome formation and influences the survival rate of radiation-resistant OSCC cell lines. These outcomes underscore the pivotal role of the DYRK3/PAICS axis in directing OSCC radiotherapy resistance pathways and, as a result, influencing OSCC progression or therapy resistance. Our findings also reveal a significant correlation between DYRK3 expression and the PAICS enzyme in OSCC radiotherapy resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17346
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • DYRK3
  • oral squamous cell carcinoma
  • purinosome
  • radioresistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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