Paeonol inhibits profibrotic signaling and HOTAIR expression in fibrotic buccal mucosal fibroblasts

Dennis Chun Yu Ho, Szu Han Chen, Chih Yuan Fang, Chang Wei Hsieh, Pei Ling Hsieh, Yi Wen Liao, Cheng Chia Yu, Lo Lin Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background/purpose: Betel nut chewing is the major risk factor of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). Various studies have sought to discover alternative strategies to alleviate oral fibrogenesis. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the anti-fibrosis effect of paeonol, a phenolic component derived from Paeonia Suffruticosa. Methods: The cytotoxicity of paeonol was tested using normal and fibrotic buccal mucosal fibroblasts (fBMFs) derived from OSF tissues. Collagen gel contraction, Transwell migration, invasion, and wound healing capacities were examined. Besides, the activation of TGF-β/Smad2 signaling and expression levels of type I collagen, α-SMA, and long non-coding RNA HOTAIR were measured as well. Results: Paeonol exerted a higher cytotoxic effect on fBMFs compared to normal BMFs. The arecoline-induced myofibroblast activities, including collagen gel contractility, cell motility, and wound healing ability were all suppressed by paeonol treatment. In addition, the activation of the TGF-β/Smad2 pathway was inhibited along with a lower expression of α-SMA and type I collagen in paeonol-treated cells. Also, the administration of paeonol decreased the mRNA expression of HOTAIR in fBMFs. Conclusion: Our results indicate that paeonol may be a promising compound to attenuate the progression of oral fibrogenesis in OSF patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)930-935
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • Buccal mucosal fibroblasts
  • Oral submucous fibrosis
  • Paeonol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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