Outcomes of Endovascular Treatment versus Standard Medical Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke with Basilar Artery Occlusion: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Abstract

Background: Although endovascular treatment (EVT) is beneficial for large vessel occlusion in anterior circulation stroke, whether these benefits exist for basilar artery occlusion (BAO) remains unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis compared the outcomes of patients with BAO undergoing EVT and standard medical treatment (SMT). Methods: The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for eligible randomized control trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs involving patients with acute ischemic stroke and BAO undergoing EVT or SMT. The following outcomes were assessed: 90-day functional outcomes (favorable outcome and functional independence: modified Rankin scale [mRS] score of 0–3 or 0–2, respectively), mortality, and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) incidence. The summary effect sizes were determined as risk ratios (RRs) through the Mantel–Haenszel method with a random-effects model. Results: Four RCTs and four non-RCTs were included. Compared with SMT, EVT resulted in a higher proportion of patients with 90-day mRS scores of 0–3 (RR: 1.54 [1.16–2.06] in RCTs and 1.88 [1.11–3.19] in non-RCTs), a higher proportion of patients achieving functional independence (90-day mRS score of 0–2; RR: 1.83 [1.07–3.12] and 1.84 [0.97–3.48], respectively), a lower risk of mortality (RR: 0.76 [0.65–0.89] and 0.72 [0.62–0.83], respectively), and a higher sICH risk (RR: 5.98 [2.11–16.97] and 4.95 [2.40–10.23], respectively). Severe neurological deficits, intravenous thrombolysis, and higher posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early Computed Tomography Score (pc-ASPECTS) were associated with EVT benefits. Conclusion: In patients with BAO, EVT results in superior functional outcomes, lower mortality risk, and higher sICH risk than does SMT, independent of age and sex. Higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores, intravenous thrombolysis, and higher pc-ASPECTSs before treatment are associated with greater benefits from EVT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6444
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • basilar artery occlusion
  • endovascular treatment
  • functional outcome
  • standard medical treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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