Background: The influence of recent influenza infection on perioperative outcomes is not completely understood. Method: Using Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Research Data from 2008 to 2013, we conducted a surgical cohort study, which included 20,544 matched patients with a recent history of influenza and 10,272 matched patients without. The main outcomes were postoperative complications and mortality. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the complications and for mortality in patients with a history of influenza within 1–14 days or 15–30 days compared with non-influenza controls. Results: Compared with patients who had no influenza, patients with influenza within preoperative days 1–7 had increased risks of postoperative pneumonia (OR 2.22, 95% CI 1.81–2.73), septicemia (OR 1.98, 95% CI 1.70–2.31), acute renal failure (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.47–3.00), and urinary tract infection (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.23–1.70). An increased risk of intensive care admission, prolonged length of stay, and higher medical expenditure was noted in patients with history of influenza within 1–14 days. Conclusion: We found that there was an association between influenza within 14 days preoperatively and the increased risk of postoperative complications, particularly with the occurrence of influenza within 7 days prior to surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1117885
JournalFrontiers in Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • infectious diseases
  • influenza
  • mortality
  • perioperative outcomes
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes after surgery in patients with and without recent influenza: a nationwide population-based study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this