Eighteen symptomatic advanced-stage osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the talus (Berndt and Harty stages III 7 and IV 11) in 17 patients were treated with multiple autogenous osteochondral cylindrical grafts. The mean time of follow-up was 36 months (range, 25-49). The average age at surgery was 22.7 years (range, 19-34). The mean size of defect of OCD was 13.6 mm × 7.2 mm. Two or three osteochondral grafts (6 or 7 mm in diameter and 15-20 mm in length) were harvested from the superomedial margin of the ipsilateral knee. A partial osteotomy of the medial malleolus or osteotomy of the distal lateral tibia was performed for all cases. Being evaluated by the Freiburg ankle score, 16 of 18 ankles (88.8%) had excellent and two (11.8%) had good results. "Second-look" arthroscopy of 16 ankles revealed consistency of the osteochondral grafts and congruity between grafts and native cartilage in 14 (87.5%), and a softening or fissuring of the osteochondral graft in two. Our results showed that this procedure provided an effective treatment for a symptomatic advanced-stage OCD of the talus.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Foot and Ankle International|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2003|
- Osteochondral Autograft
- Osteochondritis Dissecans
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine