The medical grade calcium sulfate is widely used in clinical applications for treating bone defects. A high-purity and predictable calcium sulfate (CS) synthesis process is desirable in the medical industry. The objective of this study was to develop a one-pot method for the direct preparation of calcium sulfate hemihydrates (CSHs; such as the α- and β-forms) in a CaCl2 solution. CS was synthesized by mixing K2SO 4 and Ca(NO3)2·4H2O under various CaCl2(aq) concentrations and reaction temperatures under atmospheric pressure. The calcium sulfate dihydrate (CSD) was found to be an intermediate phase that converts to CSH during the synthesis process, and α-CSH was gradually transformed from β-CSH over time. Moreover, the kinetic of CSD conversion to CSH was strongly accelerated by increasing the CaCl2 concentration. As the reaction temperature was fixed in 90 °C, the form of the CS reactant with an increase in the CaCl2 concentration was in the following sequence: CSD → CSD + β-CSH → CSD + β-CSH + α-CSH → α-CSH. In this study, the synthesis processing window of the CS reactant was established according the test results, and it is worth noting that all phases of CS hydrate could be synthesized with this system and well predicted by the constructed processing window.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-387
Number of pages7
JournalCeramics International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012


  • Calcium chloride
  • Calcium sulfate
  • Dehydration
  • Processing window

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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