Allergic asthma is an inflammatory lung disorder, and mast cells play crucial roles in the development of this allergic disease. Norisoboldine (NOR), the major isoquinoline alkaloid present in Radix Linderae, has received considerable attention because it has anti-inflammatory effects. Herein, the aim of this study was to explore the antiallergic effects of NOR on allergic asthma in mice and mast cell activation. In a murine model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma, oral administration at 5 mg/kg body weight (BW) of NOR produced strong reductions in serum OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels, airway hyperresponsiveness, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) eosinophilia, while an increase in CD4+Foxp3+ T cells of the spleen was detected. Histological studies demonstrated that NOR treatment significantly ameliorated the progression of airway inflammation including the recruitment of inflammatory cells and mucus production by decreasing levels of histamine, prostaglandin D2 (PGD2), interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-13 in BALF. Furthermore, our results revealed that NOR (3 ∼ 30 μM) dose-dependently reduced expression of the high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcεRI) and the production of PGD2 and inflammatory cytokines (IL-4, IL-6, IL-13, and TNF-α), and also decreased degranulation of bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) activated by IgE/OVA. In addition, a similar suppressive effect on BMMC activation was observed by inhibition of the FcεRI-mediated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway using SP600125, a selective JNK inhibitor. Collectively, these results suggest that NOR may have therapeutic potential for allergic asthma at least in part through regulating the degranulation and the release of mediators by mast cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110473
JournalInternational Immunopharmacology
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • Allergic asthma
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Mast cell
  • Norisoboldine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology


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