Nitroxidative chemistry interferes with fluorescent probe chemistry: Implications for nitric oxide detection using 2,3-diaminonaphthalene

Teh Min Hu, Shih Jiuan Chiu, Yu Ming Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Simultaneous production of nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide generates peroxynitrite and causes nitroxidative stress. The fluorometric method for NO detection is based on the formation of a fluorescent product from the reaction of a nonfluorescent probe molecule with NO-derived nitrosating species. Here, we present an example of how nitroxidative chemistry could interact with fluorescent probe chemistry. 2,3-Naphthotriazole (NAT) is the NO-derived fluorescent product of 2,3-diaminonaphthalene (DAN), a commonly used NO-detecting molecule. We show that NO/superoxide cogeneration, and particularly peroxynitrite, mediates the chemical decomposition of NAT. Moreover, the extent of NAT decomposition depends on the relative fluxes of NO and superoxide; the maximum effect being reached at almost equivalent generation rates for both radicals. The rate constant for the reaction of NAT with peroxynitrite was determined to be 2.2 × 103 M-1 s-1. Further, various peroxynitrite scavengers were shown to effectively inhibit NO/superoxide- and peroxynitrite-mediated decomposition of NAT. Taken together, the present study suggests that the interference of a fluorometric NO assay can be originated from the interaction between the final fluorescent product and the formed reactive nitrogen and oxygen species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-201
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 22 2014


  • Fluorescent probe
  • Naphthotriazole
  • Nitric oxide
  • Peroxynitrite
  • Superoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Nitroxidative chemistry interferes with fluorescent probe chemistry: Implications for nitric oxide detection using 2,3-diaminonaphthalene'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this