Myricetin as a promising inhibitor of platelet fibrinogen receptor in humans

Yi Chang, Chih Wei Hsia, Wei Chieh Huang, Thanasekaran Jayakumar, Chih Hsuan Hsia, Ting Lin Yen, Joen Rong Sheu, Shaw Min Hou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Platelets play a vital role in the formation of dangerous arterial thrombosis. Platelets are activated by adhesive proteins or soluble agonists through their specific receptors. The receptor-mediated signaling pathways lead to common signaling events, which result in shape changes and inside–out signaling, leading fibrinogen binding to glycoprotein IIb/IIIa complex (integrin αIIbβ3). This interaction initiates integrin αIIbβ3-mediated outside-in signaling, subsequently culminating in granule secretion and aggregation. Myricetin is a flavonoid that occurs in a variety of plants. Although myricetin has been demonstrated to have several bioactive properties, its role in platelet activation has not been extensively studied. The present study demonstrated the ability of myricetin to inhibit platelet aggregation stimulated by collagen, thrombin, and U46619. Myricetin reduced the ATP-release, cytosolic Ca2+ mobilization, and P-selectin expression and the activation of PLCγ2/PKC, PI3K/Akt/GSK3β, and MAPK. Myricetin exerted a direct inhibitory effect on the activation of integrin αIIbβ3 by disrupting the binding between FITC-PAC-1 and the integrin. Moreover, myricetin suppressed integrin αIIbβ3-mediated outside–in signaling, such as integrin β3, Src, and Syk phosphorylation on immobilized fibrinogen. In animal studies, myricetin significantly prolonged the occlusion time of thrombotic platelet plug formation in mesenteric microvessels without extending bleeding time. This study concludes that myricetin is a natural integrin αIIbβ3 inhibitor and a novel antithrombotic agent.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere20286
JournalHeliyon
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • Arterial thrombosis
  • Fibrinogen
  • Human platelets
  • Integrin αβ
  • Myricetin
  • Occlusion time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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