Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection associated with hemolytic anemia - Report of one case

Jinn Li Wang, Man Yau Ho, Ein Yiao Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Immune hemolytic anemia is a rare condition in childhood. Cold agglutinins have been implicated in the etiology of the hemolysis. However, cold agglutinins may occur in various infections, such as mycoplasma pneumoniae and infectious mononucleosis. In children, especially of preschool age, mycoplasma pneumoniae very commonly cause respiratory tract infection, but inducing an immune hemolytic anemia is exceptional. We present here a case of cold agglutinin-related severe hemolytic anemia (Hb= 3.8 gm/dl) secondary to mycoplasma pneumoniae infection who recovered completely after blood transfusion, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and medical treatment with erythromycin. It is suggested that even though very rare, mycoplasma pneumoniae may induce the occurrence of cold agglutinins and cause immune hemolytic anemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-295
Number of pages3
JournalActa Paediatrica Taiwanica
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2004


  • Hemolytic anemia
  • IVIG
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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