Muscle-derived stem cells seeded into acellular scaffolds develop calcium-dependent contractile activity that is modulated by nicotinic receptors

Shing Hwa Lu, Tracy W. Cannon, Christopher Chermanski, Ryan Pruchnic, George Somogyi, Michael Sacks, William C. De Groat, Johnny Huard, Michael B. Chancellor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. To explore the contractile activity and physiologic properties of muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) incorporated into small intestinal submucosa (SIS) scaffolds. Methods. MDSCs were harvested from mice hind leg muscles using the preplate technique and stably transfected with a plasmid to express the LacZ reporter gene. Fifty different preparations of SIS cultured with MDSCs (MDSC/SIS) or SIS alone were incubated at 37°C for 1, 4, and 8 weeks and also were mounted in a bath to measure the isometric contractions. Results. LacZ and Masson-trichrome staining revealed MDSCs could migrate into and distribute throughout the SIS and form myotubes. In MDSC/SIS, spontaneous contractile activities were noted in the 4-week (five of six specimens) and 8-week (eight of eight specimens) cultures, but not in 1-week cultures (n = 11). All SIS control groups after 1 (n = 11), 4 (n = 6), and 8 (n = 8) weeks of incubation did not show any activity. In most of the 4-week, and all of the 8-week, MDSC/SIS cultures, the frequency and amplitude of spontaneous contractile activities were decreased by succinylcholine 10 μM and 20 μM. Electrical field stimulation, carbachol, and KCl did not alter the frequency, amplitude, or pattern of spontaneous contractile activities in MDSC/SIS. Spontaneous contractile activities were blocked by Ca32+-free Krebs solution with ethyleneglycoltetraacetic acid 200 μM and distilled water. Conclusions. MDSCs could be incorporated into SIS-forming myotubes capable of contracting. The contractile activity of this three-dimensional construct is Ca2+ dependent and is modulated by nicotinic receptors. MDSC seeding of an acellular matrix may become a functional sling to reengineer the deficient sphincter or as contractile bladder augmentation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1285-1291
Number of pages7
JournalUrology
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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