In our previous study, we have observed that the chelation of various metal ions to the His-tag motifs mostly involves the i and i+2 His residues for Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+ and Co2+. In the present study, various 200 ps molecular dynamics simulations were further conducted to investigate the chelating pathway of various metal ions to the His-tag motif with 6 His residues (His-tag6) and the binding affinities of these metal binding pockets towards these metal ions. The results indicate that His-tag6 with the chelated metal ion located in positions His(2,4) or His(3,5) exhibits the strongest affinity for Ni2+ and Cu2+. K + was found to be preferred to chelate in His(1,3) and His(3,5) coordinations. However, Fe3+ was found to have higher affinity towards His(1,3) and His(2,4) binding pockets. Our results also suggest that Ni2+ exhibits the highest binding affinity towards His-tag6 over the other metal ions. Most of the structural variations of the His-tag6 motif were from the Histidyl side chains during metal ion binding. In addition, there is an inverse linear correlation between the final chelated distance and the charge/volume ratio of metal ion. There is a negative correlation between the metal binding affinity and the averaged potential energy generated from the MD simulations.
|Number of pages
|Journal of the Chinese Chemical Society
|Published - 2005
- Metal ion
- Molecular dynamics simulations
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry