Young and aging hearts undergo different remodeling post pressure overload, but the regulator that determines responses to pressure overload at different ages remains unknown. With an angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertensive model, miR-21 knockout mice (miR-21−/−) were observed regarding the effects of miR-21 on hypertension-induced cardiac remodeling in young (12 week-old) and old (50 week-old) mice. Although the aged heart represented a more significant hypertrophy and was associated with a higher expression of miR-21, Ang II-induced cardiac hypertrophy was attenuated in miR-21−/− mice. Upon results of cardiac-specific arrays in miR-21-overexpressing cardiomyocytes, we found a significant downregulation of S100a8. In both in vitro and in vivo models, miR-21/S100a8/NF-κB/NFAT pathway was observed to be associated with pressure overload-induced hypertrophic remodeling in aged hearts. To further investigate whether circulating miR-21 could be a biomarker reflecting the aged associated cardiac remodeling, we prospectively collected clinical and echocardiographic information of patients at young (<65 y/o) and old ages (≥65 y/o) with and without hypertension. Among 108 patients, aged subjects presented with a significantly higher expression of circulating miR-21, which was positively correlated with left ventricular wall thickness. Collectively, miR-21 was associated with a prominently hypertrophic response in aged hearts under pressure overload.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5925-5945
Number of pages21
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Aging
  • Cardiac hypertrophy
  • Hypertension
  • Mir-21
  • Pressure overload

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Cell Biology


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