Midterm outcomes of midfoot and hindfoot arthrodesis with strut allograft for Müller–Weiss disease

Tung Ying Lee, Chang Chin Wu, Kai Chiang Yang, Kuang Ting Yeh, Ing Ho Chen, Chen Chie Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Müller–Weiss disease (MWD), a rare dysplastic disorder of the foot, is characterized by deformity, sclerosis, and fragmentation of the lateral part of navicular bone. Arthrodesis is the mainstay treatment for MWD. Generally, arthrodesis can be achieved through internal fixation with metallic implants, and morselized chip bone may be packed into the gap for better bone union. However, with this procedure, the original foot size is not maintained and support for the foot arch is not provided. Sequela of short foot, or flatfoot is commonly observed even though these complications of surgery had not been reported with cases of MWD treated by arthrodesis. Herein, we present a retrospective analysis of treating MWD through midfoot and hindfoot arthrodesis combined with strut allograft. Methods: From August 2006 to June 2019, 20 patients with MWD (mean age, 59.6 years; range, 40–80 years) underwent midfoot and hindfoot arthrodesis with strut bone allograft and were followed for at least 24 months. The patients were able to ambulate and participate in rehabilitation programs 3 months postoperatively. Results: The used four radiographic parameters (Meary’s angle in anteroposterior and lateral view, talonavicular coverage angle, calcaneal pitch) demonstrated significant differences (P <.05) preoperatively and postoperatively, but those between the postoperative values and the values at the last follow-up session did not, indicating that strut allograft was able to maintain normal alignment. The mean American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot scores at 2 years postoperatively revealed significant improvement from baseline, from 60.2 to 84.2 (P <.05). The 12-item Short Form Health Survey scores also improved significantly (P <.05). All patients reported substantial pain relief and exhibited improved functional outcomes and gait patterns. Conclusions: For advanced-stage MWD, arthrodesis with a precisely shaped, size-matched strut allograft provided strong support for biomechanical alignment and enhanced functional performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number715
JournalBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Arthrodesis
  • Foot arch reconstruction
  • Müller
  • Strut allograft
  • Weiss disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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