Mediating effect of job performance between emotional intelligence and turnover intentions among hospital nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic: A path analysis

Chin Yun Wang, Yen Kuang Lin, I. Hui Chen, Cai Shih Wang, Kath Peters, Shu Hui Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Nursing shortages are a persistent and concerning problem for the nursing workforce worldwide. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has brought additional stressors and workloads and has worsened nursing shortages. Aim: To investigate interrelationships among emotional intelligence, job performance, and turnover intentions of nurses during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, and explore the mediating effect of job performance between emotional intelligence and turnover intentions. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. In total, 673 nurses working in a medical centre hospital in northern Taiwan were recruited from November 2020 to April 2021. An anonymous questionnaire was used in this survey. Data were collected using a seven-item turnover intention scale, a 16-item emotional intelligence scale, a 24-item job performance scale, and demographic questions. A path analysis was performed. This study was based on STROBE guidelines. Findings: Statistically significant correlations between turnover intentions and emotional intelligence (r = −0.10, p = 0.012), between turnover intentions and job performance (r = −0.13, p = 0.002), and between emotional intelligence and job performance (r = 0.54, p < 0.001) were detected. Model fit indices were adequate. Job performance had a significant indirect effect between emotional intelligence and turnover intentions (β = −0.16, p = 0.011). Discussion: It was found that job performance was a mediator between emotional intelligence and turnover intentions during the pandemic. The study results support the need to continue to create healthy work environments. Conclusion: These results can assist hospitals in developing specific evidence-based interventions such as showing appreciation and providing acknowledgments to reduce turnover of their nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-253
Number of pages7
JournalCollegian
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Job performance
  • Nursing
  • Turnover intentions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing

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